Oral thursh pictures, causes, treatment

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Oral thursh pictures, causes, treatment

Written by Hannah Kingston on August 23th, 2021

Oral thrush, also known as oral candidiasis is a fungal imbalance in the mouth. We all have Candida albicans in our mouths.

When there is an over-growth of Candida albicans, it may lead to the symptoms of oral thrush or oral candidiasis.

Knowing what oral thrush looks like can help your healthcare provider diagnose and set up a treatment plan for oral thrush. Here’s everything you need to know about what oral thrush looks like as well as the causes, symptoms and treatment.

Below are some oral thrush pictures to help you diagnose and understand whether you have oral thrush.

Oral thrush pictures



Read: Is oral thrush contagious?

What does oral thrush look like?

In the early stages, oral thrush may give your tongue a whitish appearance.

As untreated oral thrush develops, your tongue may begin to gather white lumps and bumps that spread to the roof of your mouth and inner cheeks.

Developed oral thrush may give off the appearance of cottage cheese. If oral thrush goes untreated for a long period of time, dryness and cracks may appear on the corners of the mouth.

Below is a picture of developed oral thrush:


Oral thrush causes

Oral thrush has a number of causes. The main cause of oral thrush is an imbalance in the flora and fauna of the mouth which may be caused by:

  • Taking antibiotics for a sustained period of time
  • Taking medication for asthma
  • Wearing dentures that do not fit properly
  • Having a consistently dry mouth due to medication or a medical condition that you are living with
  • Chemotherapy or radiotherapy to treat cancer
  • Poor oral hygiene
  • Smoking

Oral thrush symptoms

Oral thrush can be relatively easy to miss.

Oral thrush symptoms include:

  • Creamy white lesions on your tongue and inner cheeks
  • Creamy white lesions (sometimes) on the roof of your mouth, gums and tonsils
  • Creamy white raised bumps in the mouth
  • Redness in the mouth and throat
  • Burning or soreness in the mouth or throat that may make it difficult to swallow
  • Bleeding in the mouth or throat
  • Cracking and redness at the corners of your mouth
  • Lowered sense of taste
  • Redness, irritation and pain under dentures (denture stomatitis)


Oral thrush treatment

The goal of any oral thrush treatment is to stop the rapid spread of the fungus, but the best approach may depend on your age, your overall health and the cause of the infection says Mayo Clinic.

Eliminating some of the underlying causes of oral thrush can help to prevent thrush from occurring in the first place or recurring.

Here are a summary of treatments depending on age and health status:

  • Healthy adults and children. Your doctor may recommend antifungal medication. This comes in several forms, including lozenges, tablets, or a liquid that you swish in your mouth and then swallow. If these topical medications are not effective, medication may be given that works throughout your body.
  • Infants and nursing mothers. If you’re breast-feeding and your infant has oral thrush, you and your baby could pass the infection back and forth. Your doctor may prescribe a mild antifungal medication for your baby and an antifungal cream for your breasts.
  • Adults with weakened immune systems. Most often your doctor will recommend antifungal medication.


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