With the widespread use of antiretroviral therapy (ART) about whether HIV can also affect their blood pressure.
Is it possible that, with HIV, low blood pressure or high blood pressure could be a concern? What do we know about the relationship between HIV and high blood pressure or low blood pressure?
Research has found that there’s a link between HIV infection and high blood pressure. High blood pressure is very common in American adults, particularly as they get older. With HIV, there’s a slightly higher risk of developing high blood pressure as you get older.
It’s believed that HIV does not directly cause high blood pressure. Instead, there are a number of indirect ways that HIV can cause high blood pressure.
While it is clear that HIV can indirectly cause hypertension, the relationship between HIV and blood pressure is still not fully understood. More research is needed in this area in order to determine the exact mechanisms by which HIV leads to high blood pressure.
It’s important for HIV-positive people to be aware of the potential link between HIV and high blood pressure, and to monitor their blood pressure on a regular basis. If your blood pressure is high, then getting treatment can help to prevent serious and even fatal health consequences.
Not all people who have HIV are aware of their status. This is because HIV often doesn’t cause significant symptoms until relatively late and you get a negative test soon after, you will want to retest in about three months to make sure.
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HIV and Heart Disease. National Institutes of Health. https://hivinfo.nih.gov/understanding-hiv/fact-sheets/hiv-and-heart-disease. Accessed 28 April 2022.
HIV and Kidney Disease. National Institutes of Health. https://hivinfo.nih.gov/understanding-hiv/fact-sheets/hiv-and-kidney-disease. Accessed 28 April 2022.
What's the connection between high blood pressure and HIV? American Heart Association. https://www.heart.org/en/news/2018/05/25/whats-the-connection-between-high-blood-pressure-and-hiv. Accessed 28 April 2022